Nephrology is a medical specialty that supports the diagnosis and treatment of all kidney diseases that affect blood filtration (the main function of the kidney).
This treatment ranges from the most basic and early symptoms (such as the presence of blood or protein in the urine) to the most serious complication, chronic renal failure. This complication may result in the need to supplement kidney function with dialysis, treatment provided by a nephrologist or kidney transplant by a urologist.
Nephrologists use resuscitators to help diagnose and treat acute renal failure.
In collaboration with a cardiologist and in the event of hypertension associated with renal insufficiency or with a pathology of the renal artery, a nephrologist may be associated with treatment decisions.
In addition, the nephrologist will work with a diabetes specialist to ensure that diabetic patients with kidney complications are monitored and treated.